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2 Annealing-Free Thioantimonate Argyrodites with High Li-Ion Conductivity and Low Elastic Modulus
Wo Dum Jung, Ji-Su Kim, Young Jung Kim, Hyeseong Jeong, Daseul Han, Kyung-Wan Nam, Docheon Ahn, Deok-Hwang Kwon, Hun-Gi Jung, Jong-Ho Lee, and Hyoungchul Kim
Advanced Functional Materials, 2023.3.9, Wiley, published

Although Li-ion superconducting sulfides have been developed as solid electrolytes (SEs) in all-solid-state batteries, their high deformability, which is inherently beneficial for room-temperature compaction, is overlooked and sacrificed. To solve this dilemmatic task, herein, highly deformable Li-ion superconductors are reported using an annealing-free process. The target thioantimonate, Li5.2Si0.2Sb0.8S4Br0.25I1.75, comprising bimetallic tetrahedra and bi-halogen anions is synthesized by two-step milling tuned for in situ crystallization, and exhibits excellent Li-ion conductivity (σion) of 13.23 mS cm−1 (averaged) and a low elastic modulus (E) of 12.51 GPa (aver-aged). It has a cubic argyrodite phase of ≈57.39% crystallinity with a halogen occupancy of ≈90.67% at the 4c Wyckoff site. These increased halogen occupancy drives the Li-ion redistribution and the formation of more Li vacancies, thus facilitating Li-ion transport through inter-cage pathway. Also, the facile annealing-free process provides a unique glass-ceramic structure advantageous for high deformability. These results represent a record-breaking milestone from the combined viewpoint of σion and E among promising SEs. Electrochemical characterization, including galvanostatic cycling tests for 400 h, reveals that this material displays reasonable electrochemical stability and cell performance (150.82 mAh g−1 at 0.1C). These achievements shed light on the synthesis of practical SEs suffice both σion and E requirements. 

1 Exsolution of Ru Nanoparticles on BaCe0.9Y0.1O3-δ Modifying Geometry and Electronic Structure of Ru for Ammonia Synthesis Reaction Under Mild Conditions
Hayoung Kim, Asif Jan, Deok-Hwang Kwon, Ho-Il Ji, Kyung Joong Yoon, Jong-Ho Lee, Yongseok Jun, Ji-Won Son, and Sungeun Yang
Small, 19, Wiley, published

- Green ammonia is a carbon-free energy carrier and storage medium synthesized using green hydrogen and an active catalyst. 

- The catalytic activity of ammonia synthesis can be improved by controlling the geometry and electronic structure of the active species through an exsolution process.

- Ru nanoparticles exsolved on a BaCe0.9Y0.1O3-δ support exhibit high activity and uniform size distribution, and are well-anchored to the support with in-plane epitaxy. The electronic structure of Ru is modified by in situ Ba promoter accumulation.

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